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Causes of Corrupt Windows 10 OS and How to Fix It

System corruption or crash occurs when an operating system or software stops working properly. Many times, a corrupted Windows operating system is the culprit liable for dead PC. Sometimes different symptoms are experienced while booting.

  • Blue or black screen of death
  • The computer persists to freeze erratically
  • Stuck in loading files loop

Causes of Windows 7/8/10 corruption

Computer corruption is an unexpected issue that makes it impossible to access hard drive and data.

The causes can be because of the following –

Corrupt drivers – Drivers tell computer hardware what to do. Installation of corrupt drivers can cause OS crashes. The crash occurs in form of notifications and error messages.

Poor motherboard – Poor motherboard triggers Blue Screen of Death or BSOD. It even causes Fatal Exception errors. It means you cannot restore the saved data in memory.

Virus attack – Virus attack can corrupt Windows OS or delete data or delete drivers automatically.

Overheating – The components of a computer are sensitive. If power is kept on for long or you placed your laptop on a heated surface then it can result in a computer crash due to overheating.

Power issues – Fluctuation in power whether it is internal or external can corrupt data. The computer writes data to a disk and a spike in power causes the system to write garbage instead of requested data. If it is a text file then damage will be minor but in case it is a system file then the entire system’s stability will be compromised.

Program crashes – It occurs due to unpatched vulnerabilities, bad code, or simultaneously running multiple programs that fill memory. Not following the shutdown process properly can also damage the system files.

Other causes include –

  • System files corruption
  • Hardware failure
  • Conflict in 2-antivirus
  • Outdated drivers
  • Hard disc with bad sectors
  • Corrupt registry
  • Incompatible software
  • Corrupt DLL files

It is essential to identify the root cause of your computer’s Windows 10 corruption.

Data recovery from corrupted Windows 10 OS

Use system to restore

Your PC is bootable at times, so try these ways to troubleshoot the problem.

On Windows 10 use the SFC [System File Checker] utility

  • Right-click the Windows icon on the task bar.
  • Choose Admin – Command Prompt.
  • Type – sfc/scannow in Command Prompt.

Use DISM…..if SFC is unable to troubleshoot

  • Right-click the Windows icon on the task bar.
  • Choose Admin – Command Prompt.
  • Type – DISM/Online/Cleanup-image/RestoreHealth.

If both SFC & DISM, options don’t work then take the following steps.

  • Back up crucial data to an external drive.
  • Now, format corrupted drive.
  • Using Windows 10 installation mode, reinstall OS.
  • Copy data from a backup drive to a renewed storage device.

DISM and SFC are great tools for data recovery from corrupted Windows 10 OS. There is no need for OS installation. Backing files & folders is another step to think about before formatting or Windows reinstallation to avoid loss of data.

Use bootable disk

If your PC is unbootable with the above-mentioned fixes then you will need a reliable data recovery software. You will be able to create a bootable disc that can be used to gain access to the corrupted Windows OS for successful data recovery. Using the data recovery software, you can create a WinPE bootable drive.

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